Can Birds Eat Spinach? Let’s Find Out the Merits and Demerits!

As bird enthusiasts, it is instinctive to offer visiting birds whatever dinner scraps remain in our pantry. One of the typical dinner scraps is stems and leaves of leafy greens like spinach.

Spinach is the ultimate leafy green in terms of versatility and nutrient content.

Birds are versatile creatures who are opportunistic omnivores. It means birds require both fiber and protein-concentrated diets.

Birds can consume spinach in moderation and as part of a balanced diet. To make it delectable for your feathered friends, serve it as crunchy dehydrated spinach chips or with flavorful bird chops!

When it comes to leafy greens, spinach has it all! Hence without further ado, let’s explore everything about spinach in your bird’s diet.

What Are the Benefits of Having Spinach in Your Bird’s Diet?

Spinach is chock full of fiber and protein. Both are vital elements to keep diseases like Angel Wings Disease at bay.

Fiber protects a bird’s intestines by producing friction between the digested food and the intestine walls for the food to travel throughout the gut. 

It also softens ingested food throughout the digestive system for easy nutrient absorption.

Protein is the building block of muscle in your bird’s diet. Protein is key to avoiding wing disabilities in hatchlings.

Healthy wing muscles allow birds to migrate and scavenge food efficiently. Protein and fiber, together, create the balance of a bird’s healthy body mass.

However, it doesn’t stop just there.

Spinach is rich in Vitamin A, Vitamin K, and Iron. These nutrients are crucial for hatchlings to ensure optimal eye health and bone density.

Fresh young garden spinach

The high concentration of Zinc, Potassium, and Magnesium supports your bird’s immune system and heart health.

Omega-3 fatty acids in spinach prevent feather cysts, feather plucking, and skin infections by protecting skin and feather barriers. Therefore, spinach is essential when the preening season arrives.

Spinach is the perfect vessel to deliver these nutrients to a bird’s system.

Yet, like everything else, there is another side to this. 

What Are the Drawbacks of Feeding Birds Too Much Spinach?

Even though; it sounds endearing to think something so perfect may have a drawback, this is the way of life.

Spinach in no way is harmful to birds. However, the consumption of spinach should be in moderation.

Why, might you ask?

The vegetable is high in oxalic acid. It prevents the rate of calcium absorption in your bird’s system by attaching to calcium ions in their body and forms calcium oxalate instead.

Calcium deficiency can result in weak bone density, wing deformations, and kidney stones.

A bird owner feeding spinach to an albino cockatiel

Kidney stones form by the clumping of the high buildup of calcium that kidneys can no longer break down.

The possible diseases caused by a calcium deficit diet are intimidating. However, considering how permanent the damages are, it gives all the more reasons to avoid feeding birds too much spinach.

Nevertheless, there’s no need to condone a great nutrient-rich food just for one drawback.

Moreover, there’s an easy fix to the calcium deficiency problem.

Pairing spinach with foods enriched with calcium cancels the effects of high oxalic acid. Despite that, moderate consumption of spinach is the first line of defense.

Birds Eating Too Much Spinach? Here’s How to Control Their Diet

A calcium-concentrated diet is equally necessary for birds to ensure optimal bone density. 

Seeing how spinach contradicts that need for calcium ensures the birds have a balanced calcium level and the nutrients spinach offers.

To counteract the side effect, increase your bird’s calcium-rich foods.

Vegetables like broccoli, podded peas, soybean sprouts, and okra have abundant calcium minerals. 

Although the number of fruits with high calcium concentration is aplenty, I firmly believe it’s best not to increase their intake.

To reason with the previous statement, fruits have high sugar content, and increasing their intake can lead to obesity and cardiovascular diseases. 

Likewise, it’s best to avoid increasing the intake of vegetables like pumpkin and sweet potatoes.

One of the best foods to improve calcium levels are nuts. Nuts are a good source of calcium; they not only counteract the side effects but also improve bone density and body mass.

A blue tit feeding on nuts from a bird feeder

Aside from food, another great alternative to balance calcium deficiency is sunlight.

Sunlight provides Vitamin D3, a fat-soluble vitamin that will absorb and retain calcium in a bird’s body.

To sum up, numerous methods are there to even out high oxalic acid in birds, affirming that spinach is the perfect vessel for vital nutrients.

The Do’s and Don’ts of Feeding Spinach to Birds

Now that we’ve established the benefits and drawbacks of spinach. Let’s move on to the topic of how to introduce spinach into your bird’s diet.

There are specific ways to keep the consumption of spinach in birds carried out safely. 

If you plan on giving out leftover cooked spinach, think twice. 

Leftovers are essentially human food that contains salt to satiate our tastebuds. Unfortunately, providing them to birds (who already have the correct sodium levels from their natural diet) can lead to salt toxicosis. 

Hence, opting out of leftover spinach dishes from a bird’s diet is best for their safety.

Boiling or blanching spinach also drains plenty of nutrients, diluting the point of spinach being a nutrient-concentrated food for birds. 

Aside from leftovers, leaving out spinach in your bird feeder isn’t a suitable option too.

Spinach is safest when served fresh. However, spinach doesn’t have good longevity as it can dry out and accumulate bacteria.

Accumulated bacteria on the spinach will then enter the bird’s digestive system and attack its immune system causing diseases.

Yet, if you still intend to put spinach in your bird feeder to provide a nutritious meal for migrating and neighboring flocks, give the recipes we’ll discuss briefly.

Despite these, giving fresh or frozen spinach (defrosted) to your pet parrots and budgies for a crunchy and beneficial meal is always welcome!

What Are the Healthy Bird Meal Recipes to Try With Spinach?

As mentioned before, leaving fresh spinach in bird feeders can be tumultuous. Therefore, finding ways to ensure the safety of putting spinach in bird feeding is of the essence.

As an alternative, here’s a list of recipes to try out instead of just fresh spinach:

1. Bird Chop

Bird Chop is a well-rounded and balanced bird food fed worldwide. It is a mix of nuts, millets, vegetables, and fruits.

Fresh bird chop includes leafy greens, sweet peppers, red cabbage and more

Putting spinach in bird chop allows it to retain its moisture and extend its longevity as it is possible to store bird chop in the freezer for up to 2 weeks.

Bird chop recipes will be a whole nutrient-packed meal addition to your bird feeders. However, old bird chop is just as hazardous as fresh spinach.

2. Dehydrated Spinach Chips

If fresh spinach is the root cause of the problem, why not try the dehydrated ones? Homemade spinach chips are the perfect crispy treat to get in favor of the neighboring birds. 

They also eliminate the chances of diseases as there is no moisture for bacteria to accumulate.

Avoid store-bought spinach chips as they contain salt and spices that can cause salt toxicosis in birds.

Just pop a few spinach leaves in your oven at the highest setting. It becomes even easier if you own a dehydrator.

3. Spray Millet and Spinach Chips Mix

You can add your twist to spinach chips with this easy recipe.

A female painted bunting feeding on spray millet

Roughly mulch your homemade spinach chips through a food processor. Once roughly mulched, add your spray millet and pellets into the mix.

Now, you’ve got the perfect snack for birds to peck on leisurely.

These recipes are quick and easy to follow through with minimal equipment required. There are plenty more options to research if you’re enthusiastic about them!

Frequently Asked Questions

Here I’ve answered the FAQs about feeding spinach to birds.

Can Birds Eat Spinach Leaves?

Fresh or dried spinach leaves are rich in iron and magnesium, which will help increase red blood cells and boost their immunity.

Birds should consume spinach weekly to keep their organs in good shape.

Can Birds Eat Baby Spinach?

Baby spinach is a delicious alternative if your bird isn’t a big fan of spinach leaves.

It contains the same nutritional content as spinach leaves without the leathery textures most birds might find unappealing.

Baby spinach can also be a perfect addition to homemade bird chops.

Can Birds Eat Spinach Stems?

Spinach stems are crunchy with tonnes of fiber that will aid their digestive system. 

Besides, the crunchy texture will boost stimulating sensory activity for birds. Adding spinach leaves with their stems can be an exceptional addition to your bird’s diet.

Can Wild Birds Eat Spinach?

Adding dry spinach will greatly benefit wild birds. Why dry spinach, might you ask?

Fresh spinach withholds moisture, which can incubate bacterial growth that causes infectious diseases.

On the other hand, dry spinach has a much longer shelf life than fresh spinach; thus, more wild birds will have access to the spinach in bird feeders.

Final Remarks

To sum up, spinach is an excellent addition to your regular bird food. It is a nutrient-packed versatile vegetable.

Its versatility allows you to explore new ways to make bird feeders an enjoyable activity for you and your birds; who doesn’t want that?

No doubt spinach is the perfect medium to provide all sorts of nutrition to birds. But, tedious or not, no other vegetable can deliver these like spinach.

Last but not least, don’t knock it till you try it!

Photo of author

Written and Fact-checked by David Neff

Author at BirdBonica

David is an expert birder and bird parent with in-depth knowledge of birds. He has years of experience observing birds in their natural habitats, studying their diets, behavior, and more. (Learn more about David here...)

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